Browsed by
Month: June 2018

Management of Livestock Pigs

Management of Livestock Pigs

Pig is a very efficient meat-producing livestock, so pigs have high economic value as beef cattle. In addition to rapid body growth, pigs are also able to utilize all types of agricultural waste, does not require extensive ground maintenance, can increase soil fertility and have a high litter size. But until now the potential is still not able to be utilized properly because of limited consumer and maintenance system is not adequate.

Seed Selection

Selection of good seeds is the first step in the success of a livestock business. Requirements to consider when selecting seedlings:

Healthy Pig, with characteristics: symmetrical nipple and the number of 12 left and right pieces, large udders with blood vessels clearly visible, solid and compact body, sturdy and sturdy legs, long bodies compared to the same pig’s age.

Piglets to be cultivated should come from mothers who often produce many children or usually have children more than 5 in one birth and able or keep their children until the moment of milk, or males who are capable or have the ability to mate and produce more children of 5 tails.

The Pig Stall

To achieve success in the livestock business especially pigs, among others, need to be cultivated a good cage building. For only a good cage will be able to:

  • Improve food conversion.
  • Increase growth and ensure the health of livestock.

What is meant by a good cage here is, a cage building built according to the right cage rules?

There are various kinds of pig pens, each distinguished according to its construction and usefulness.

Pig Feed

Feed is one of the important factors in the pig business. Because 60% of the total cost is spent on the needs of the mother pigs (seed), and 80% for the purposes of fattening pigs. Can feed homemade or from pig feed suppliers. Therefore one thing to note here is that although pigs are naturally classified as animals that eat very greedy, and like to eat anything, they need to be fed with the correct calculation. Because, in addition to pigs that eat a lot and greedy, the conversion of food was very good, so if the maintenance is good, the growth rate will be good too. Keep in mind that pigs belong to animals that have simple digestive tools, which are incapable of digesting high-fiber raw materials. Feed for pigs is generally a mixture of various food items given in a certain period of time (rations).

Some important factors that must be considered by farmers in feeding/rationing on pigs are as follows:

  • Food Substance

All the ingredients required by pigs consist mainly of six basic elements: carbohydrates, crude fiber, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.

  • Preparation of Rations

If the number of pigs that only a few tail, then the pig can be given the remains of food from the kitchen, such as banana skin, papaya, vegetables, rice and so forth. But no matter how much leftover food can be given, the practice of giving such food is less accountable. Because the food is not a ration that has the composition of food substances in the right balance as required by the pig’s body for the purposes of growth and production.…

How to Manipulate Feed on Pigs

How to Manipulate Feed on Pigs

The attempt to manipulate the feed to increase the production of livestock is the thing that we often find. Giving Coleus amboinicus Lour in the ration is believed to increase milk production in the lactating parent. Increased milk production will increase the body weight of children who are breastfeeding. Increasing the child’s body weight during this suckling period will increase the income of the farm without having to rely on pig feed suppliers.

Livestock Production

Breastfeeding pigs have an important role in pig farming. That is to produce quality pigs. The quality of mothers suckling pig can be seen from its appearance. Mother of breastfeeding pigs can be seen from the amount of ration consumption, milk production of the mother, litter size born, litter size weaning and child mortality. Increasing the appearance of broodstocks in general will improve the appearance of piglets.

Environmental pollution

The use of probiotic substances in the ration is necessary to improve the efficiency of feed use. Also, anticipate against environmental pollution by the smell of dirt and can reduce pollution in the environment.

The piglet who lost the mother

Often happens the mother fell ill or died at the time of delivery. So that their children can not take care of anymore. If there is an event like this then the farmer must be able to overcome or provide help.

They can help him in many ways:

  • Given cow’s milk. In this way, piglets are usually not much help because the milk cow’s milk is different.
  • Assigned or raised by another parent

Piglets can be entrusted to a parent with a child of the same age as the child to be entrusted. This method usually also get into trouble, because the mother of pigs can easily distinguish their own children and child entrusted. So that piglets from outside are always hostile.

This can be overcome by:

  • The piglets from another parent, before being put into the new mother pen, must first be mixed with the children themselves in one box. For the smell to be the same.
  • Piglets from other mothers or their own children are given the same odors, for example by giving kerosene or eucalyptus oil. Applied on the face. In this way, they usually can easily be accepted by the new parent who will nurture.